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C-252/21 Meta v Bundeskartellamt: The Lawfulness of Big Tech’s Processing of Personal Data and the Relationship Between Data Protection and Competition Law

Ana-Maria Hriscu


Keywords: Meta, consent, competition law

Case C-252/21 Meta Platforms v Bundeskartellamt, Judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union (Grand Chamber) of 4 July 2023 (ECLI:EU:C:2023:537)
Case C-252/21 Meta Platforms v Bundeskartellamt dealt with a number of important questions regarding the relationship between data protection and competition law, as well the lawfulness, from the standpoint of the Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)1, of the processing of personal data from third party online sources. This case note summarises the judgement and reflects, in the commentary, on Big Tech’s reliance on consent as a lawful ground for processing, on the opportunities of using data protection as a benchmark in competition law and finally, on challenges of seeing data protection through the prism of competition law in the online context.

Ana-Maria Hriscu, PhD researcher at Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) at Tilburg University, The Netherlands. For correspondence:<>


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