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Cross-Border Data Protection Through Collective Litigation: A EU Legal Maze?

Alexia Pato, Elena Rodríguez-Pineau


Cross-border data protection can be strengthened through collective instruments favouring private enforcement. In this regard, article 80 GDPR set an important milestone—albeit limited to representative actions. New Directive (EU) 2020/1828 on collective actions for consumer protection provides another mechanism by including data protection within its scope. While such regulatory intersection may enhance private enforcement, the outcome is not particularly user-friendly, since those texts might overlap or be mutually exclusive, also requiring the implementation of other rules such as Regulation (EU) 1215/2012.
Keywords: Cross-Border Data Protection | Collective Litigation | European Union

Alexia Pato is Visiting Professor at Universitat de Girona ˂˃; Elena Rodríguez-Pineau is Associate Professor at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid <>. This contribution is funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities, Research Project PGC 2018-096456-B-I00 ‘Protección transfronteriza de la transmisión de datos personales a la luz del nuevo Reglamento europeo: problemas prácticos de aplicación’.


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